1). Alder wood (Botanical : Alnus rubra)
- A soft, relatively low-strength, straight-grained, even-textured wood. Works well with hand and machine tools, but sharp cutting edges need to be maintained to prevent tearing the grain. The wood is rarely wider than 6 due to the small size of the trees.
- Color : Pale Yellow to Reddish Brown.
- Typical use : Rustic furniture, entry doors, moldings, turning, carving, toys, plywood, veneer, cabinets, musical instruments.
- 2.33 lbs per board foot, 590 Janka hardness rating and 0.41 specific gravity (Dense)
2). Ash wood (Botanical : Fraxinus Americana)
- Excellent shock resistance. Straight-grained with moderately coarse texture. Glues, Stains, and finishes very well.
- Color : Light cream to light brown.
- Typical use : Handles, furniture, cabinets, interior joinery, sports equipment, baseball bats, auto bodies, and some musical instruments.
- 3.58 lbs per board foot, 1320 Janka hardness rating and 0.67 specific gravity (Dense)
3). Hard white maple wood (Botanical : Acer saccharum)
- At least 90% white sapwood. Known for its durability and strength, hence it's common use for flooring, butcher blocks, and large furniture. It has excellent turning properties, a fine & even texture, and a natural luster. Somewhat difficult to work due to high surface hardness. Paints and finishes very well, though.
- Color : Creamy white to yellowish or pale tan
- Useful : Furniture, flooring, cutting boards, butcher blocks, heavy furniture, industrial parts, veneer, inlay, musical instruments, work benches
- 3.67 lbs per board foot, 1450 Janka hardness rating, 0.68 specific gravity (Dense)
4). Red oak wood (Botanical : Quercus rubra)
- Straight grain with a coarse texture. Generally works and finished well but timbers from the Northern growing region will be more consistent in color and have a finer texture. Large open pores produce distinctive grain.
- Color : Light brown with a reddish tinge.
- Usefu : Furniture, cabinets, floors, accessories, shop jigs, utility projects, interior millwork, molding, mantles, chairs, trim
- 3.58 lbs per board foot, 1290 Janka hardness rating and 0.64 specific gravity (Dense)
5). White Oak (Flat Sawn) (Botanical : Quercus alba)
- Has a finer texture than Red Oak. Heartwood is decay resistant and suitable for exterior uses. Good turning and steam bending qualities.
- Color : Beige to creamy tan.
- Typical use : Furniture, outdoor projects, patio furniture, cabinets, flooring, boat building, fences, indoor millwork, moldings, veneer, desks, baseboard
- 3.92 lbs per board foot, 1360 Janka hardness rating, 0.68 specific gravity (Dense)
6). Poplar wood (Botanical : Liriodendron tulipifera)
- Fine textured, soft and lightweight. Easily worked and takes paint exceptionally well. Frequently finished to look like other woods.
- Color : Grayish white sapwood with greenish brown heart.
- Typical use : Furniture, cabinets, jigs, drawer sides, painted furniture
- 2.50 lbs per board foot, 540 Janka hardness rating, 0.42 specific gravity (Dense)
7). Walnut wood (Botanical : Juglans nigra)
- Usually steamed to match sapwood and heartwood. Fine but open grain. Moderately coarse texture. Excellent to work including turning and carving.
- Color : Light to dark brown or chocolate brown.
- Typical use : Gun stocks, musical instruments, fine furniture, cabinetry, flooring.
- 3.33 lbs per board foot, 1010 Janka hardness rating, 0.59 specific gravity (Dense)